EDUCATIONAL EFFECTS OF INTEGRATIVE TEACHING IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
The aim of the paper is to present positive educational educational effects that appear in the teaching process when applying an integrative teaching model. Summing up and looking at the positive effects of integrative teaching came from a number of studies and results that researchers have made in their studies. Different experiences of both foreign and our researchers are presented in this paper. Studies on the positive educational effects of integrative teaching were studied very well by American author H. H. Jacobs; Canadian Association of Deans in Education in the Study Exploring the Impact of an Integrated Curriculum on Classroom Practice. What works? Research in Practice; Ševkušić, S., Šefer, J. in the study "Action research on the new approach to continue the knowledge of society in the fourth grade of the primary school"; Ј. Т. Klein (2006) у својој студији A Platform for a Shared Discourse of Interdisciplinary Education, etc. The impact of integrative teaching on student motivation is discussed in a study by Guthrie, Wigfield and Von Secker. The above research clearly shows that integrative teaching really improves students' achievements by encouraging higher levels of thinking.
In the study Elementary Teachers Integrate Music Activities into Regular Mathematics Lessons: Effects on Students'Mathematical Abilities (2013), Ellis and Fouts (2001) explained that integrative teaching does not only improve students' processes of higher order thinking but also contributes to increasing motivation for learning, provides students with the opportunity to gain knowledge from multiple perspectives.
Some researchers have shown on concrete examples that very positive effects are achieved by the integration of music and mathematics, claiming that this is an ideal discipline for unification, and in the study of the Research Curriculum Integration, the Arts and Diverse Learning Environments (2006), the view is that in Canadian basic and secondary schools are already a standard practice of using art as an integral tool for the production and assessment of knowledge.
The researchers went one step further, stating that an integrative approach for students has a special significance in later levels of education when they become critical, develop the ability to find relevant learning information, compare and contrast different methods and approaches, clarify differences and similarities related to a certain task, to create an integrative framework and holistically understand the subject, question or problem.
Except that the application of an interdisciplinary approach in teaching can be very motivating and motivating to influence students, researchers emphasize that it also has positive effects on teachers. When teachers '/ teachers' teams work together, when developing effective teaching units, they often have a stronger sense of collegiality and enthusiasm, which fosters the collegiality of the school community as a whole. And finally, the positive effects of integrative teaching besides pupils and teachers can be experienced by parents, which implies the superiority of this teaching model in terms of positive aspects of the application.
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