SUPPORT STRUCTURES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
In the last decade the concept of development and promotion of social economy and social entrepreneurship are part of EU policy to tackle the social exclusion of persons in a vulnerable position. Also, the model of social economy is one of the key instruments for achieving social objectives within the framework of the sustainable and inclusive growth. Social benefits are measured by integration and employment of disadvantaged people, the contribution to the process of social inclusion of other vulnerable people, and the economic indicator is expressed by saved public funds for social welfare, on the one hand, and the additional funds compensating the social costs of long-term unemployment. What is important to happen is to create suitable conditions for the development of social enterprises with the widest possible range - vulnerable groups themselves and their problems are diverse and different, and the "answer" to their needs must be flexible in order to be efficient and effective; "way to solutions" is not important (the path may be different, as are diverse and vast opportunities for economic initiatives) that leads to the result itself, the result is important - better integration and sustainable tackling of social exclusion.
The Economic and Social Council of the Republic of Bulgaria (ESC) believes that social enterprises in Bulgaria are still an untapped business model. Current social enterprises are mainly non-governmental organizations by applying the relevant legislation creating social enterprises whose business is focused on the realization of the social purpose and mission of the organization. Social enterprises in Bulgaria operate in various sectors, the most serious part are in: the delivery of social services; providing jobs for people with disabilities; mediation in finding employment of unemployed persons; provision of health services; аctivities in the field of education and others.
In realizing these activities the leading is not the end product but the achieved social effect on individuals themselves expressed in obtaining the necessary support to integrate into society. In this sense, there are three basic models of social enterprises:
The most common model is the one that creates jobs and develops the workforce. By business jobs are created primarily for people with disabilities. Most often the social enterprise is the employer of people with disabilities in order to achieve the integration of persons with disabilities in the labor market and create conditions for a better life.
Another popular model of a social enterprise is the one in which the enterprise produces goods and seeks markets, also engaging with their distribution. Most often social enterprises involve persons with disabilities in the form of occupational therapy involved in the production of certain goods. Existing social enterprises in Bulgaria within this model are engaged in the manufacture of certain products by persons who are unemployed or socially excluded. The aim is to enable them to work and improve their social inclusion.
The third existing model in Bulgaria is related to the provision of social services generally through payment of external customers, while social enterprise provides social services to its members. Payment is under contract with the state or a municipality. Within this model, services are provided to different users paid directly to social enterprise for direct service.
Алексиева, П., Шабани, Н., Панов, Л. Наръчник „Нови възможности за социалните предприятия. Италианският опит в българска среда“. Проект № BG051PO001-7.0.01-0052-С0001 „Инициатива за иновации в социалната икономика”: http://www.znanielovech.org/social_n.pdf/ (Алексиева, П., Шабани, Н., Панов, Л. Наръчник „Нови възможности за социалните предприятия. Италианският опит в българска среда“. Проект № BG051PO001-7.0.017.0.017.0.017.0.017.0.017.0.01-0052-С0001 „Инициатива за иновации в социалната икономика”: http://www.znanielovech.org/social_n.pdf/).
Bencheva, N., Stoeva, T., Todorova, S. Key Skills and Competences for Social Business Advisors: Views from Experts, International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 7(2018), pp.413-425; ISSN 2383-1103 (Print); ISSN 2345-6744 (Online).
Bencheva N., Tepavicharova. Support structures for social entrepreneurship in Bulgaria, The first scientific conference on social entrepreneurship on "Tips, skills and tools for consulting social entrepreneurs", pp.29-35, ISBN 978-954-517-249-6 ISBN 978-954-517-250-2.
Bogdanova, Margarita. Policies and Instruments for Social Development. Journal of Innovations and Sustainability, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 4, 2018, 1, рp. 59-63, ISSN 2367-8127 (CD-ROM), ISSN 23678151 (ON-LINE).
Terziev, V., Bencheva, N., Arabska, Е., Stoeva, Т., Tepavicharova, М., Nichev, N. Implications on social entrepreneurship development in Bulgaria. Ninth International Scientific Conference The teacher of the future, 17-19 June 2016, Albania. Knowledge International Journal Scientific Papers, Institute for knowledge management, 13, 2016, N 1, pp.203-208, ISSN 1857-92.
Terziev, Venelin. Social policy and labor market development in Bulgarian transition period. INTCESS 2019- 6th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences, 4-6 February, 2019, Dubai, International Organization Center of Academic Research, 2019, pp. 703-714, ISBN: 978-605-82433-5-4.
Terziev, Venelin. Theoretical basis of development of labor market and social policy in the republic of Bulgaria. INTCESS 2019- 6th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences, 4-6 February, 2019, Dubai, International Organization Center of Academic Research, 2019, pp. 715-726, ISBN: 978-605-82433-5-4.
Tepavicharova M., Bencheva N. Factors for development of the educational and professional qualitication profile of the managers from the services sector in Bulgaria, Scientific journal «Economics and Finance», Science and Practice, Conference proceedings, Citation Index - Social Sciences & Humanities (CPCI-SSH), Thorpe-Bowker, Melbourne, Australia, pp.42-47, ISBN 978-0-9942661-3-2.
Programa za razvitie na selskite rayoni na Republika Balgariya 2014-2020 (Програма за развитие на селските райони на Република България 2014-2020).
Prouchvane na vazmozhnostite za razvivane na sotsialni predpriyatiya v Balgariya v pazarnite nishi – ustoychiv ekoturizam i selskostopanski initsiativi (Проучване на възможностите за развиване на социални предприятия в България в пазарните ниши – устойчив екотуризъм и селскостопански инициативи).