TREATMENT OF DIABETES, EDUCATION ON THE COMPLICATIONS FROM THE DISEASE AND IMPORTANCE OF THE HYGIENE-DYTHETIC REGIME
Keywords:diabetes, glucose, education, acute complications, chronic complications, bread units, physical activity
Introduction: Diabetes is a metabolic disease that has a chronic and aggressive nature, characterized by a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism due to decreased secretion of insulin from the pancreas, thereby increasing the blood sugar level - hyperglycemia. Symptoms that characterize this disease are: polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia.The World Health Organization defines diabetes as an elevated blood glucose level followed by symptoms, increased values during two measurements:
Fast plasma glucose ? 7.0 mmol / L (126 mg / dL) or
Plasma Glucose ? 11.1 mmol / L (200 mg / dL), which is determined by an oral glucose tolerance test, which is measured two hours after the patient receives 75 g of glucose solution. (HbA1c) ?6.5%
Objectives: The goals of the work are to show the characteristics of the disease with an emphasis on the treatment of it, the importance of education and explanation for possible complications and hygiene dietary regimen with statistics of patients in the Republic of Macedonia in 2017
Materials and Methods: Data from the Public Health Institute of the Republic of Macedonia for newly diagnosed diseased in 2017 have been used, explaining the importance of diabetes education to patients with diabetes.
Results: The survey showed that, statistically, the number of cases increases after the fifth decade. Lifestyle and genetics play an important role.
Conclusion: The disease itself is very specific and if it is not controlled it can contribute to several acute and chronic complications that further complicate the process of treatment of the same. With the educative approach of healthcare professionals towards all the people who deal with diabetes, with love, empathy and dedication, the problem that affects a large group of the entire world population will become a solved puzzle.The proper use of medication and non-medication therapy also plays a major role in the treatment of the disease. Proper physical activity, knowledge of the bread units and proper use of them, in line with good medication therapy, using the innovative methods in medicine, the disease can be controlled very easily.