DETERMINANTS OF TRANSITIONAL PROCESSES IN MONTENEGRO - GENESIS AND CONSEQUENCES OF MANAGEMENT ASPECT
Keywords:management, transition, system of values, culture, corporate culture
All post-communist countries, or post-communist countries who have faced or have been faced with the process of changing the value system, that is, the changes that affect all the pores of society and, rightly, we can conclude that these changes have the character of revolutionary ones. The different flows, the consequences and the duration of these processes in different transitional societies become significant indicators for the analysis of the determinants that determine its character.
The main purpose of this paper is to present the key determinants, the determinants that define the character, essence and in the final attempt to answer the question of the inadequate long duration of this process. It is obvious that Montenegrin society entered the process of transition, perceiving superficially its essence and depth, considering as the fundamental and only important determinant of that process the change of ownership, or title of ownership. After almost three decades, we conclude that the Montenegrin society and the Montenegrin economy are in the process of transition, while at the same time we have the fact that social property has not existed for decades, and that it has received its titles either by state or private.
We have not accidentally noted that the transition is a change in the value system of society, which is comprehensive and represents its fundamental determinant. The value system of society is essentially the expression and reflection of cultural determinants and values that are deeply ingrained and exist in its own identity. Thus, the culture of a society, its heritage, is a key determinant for the success and speed of all other processes of whatever character they were.
The entry of Montenegrin society into the transition process did not imply the imposition and adaptation of the measures and procedures of transition, but the mere copying of models that were applied or applied with more or less success in other countries that do not have almost any common determinants with the Montenegrin cultural or value system.
Thanks to comprehensiveness, scope and ultimate goals, the process of transition in this paper is seen as a process of radical revolutionary value changes and we see it as a condition of building a new value system on the foundations of the ruins of the old socio-communist ideological project. Our approach is essentially economically, and less sociologically, and we risk that many sociologists will not agree with it.