PHENOMENON OF CHILDHOOD AND THE POWER OF LANGUAGE IN THE NOVEL ALICE IN WONDERLAND BY LEWIS CARROLL
In this paper the author talks about childhood as a time that offers information about the beauty of everything and of the world, of imagination, of a dream, the energy and the power of words that the writer Lewis Carroll uses in this fairy-tale creation. Delicate lyric threads that usually permeate literary works for children, ennoble young readers and teach them that life harmony helps us overcome the difficulties we come across in everyday life.
Beside linguistic values, some basic aesthetic values will be emphasized here, such as: play, humor, imagination and dream, as well as non-intrusive didactics. With greatest skillfulness the author of the novel Alice in Wonderland permeates the poetry of a fairy-tale with didactics showing us that the novel teaches readers all by itself and strongly influences children's spiritual development.
The text of this novel tends to enable the child to work by himself, to enrich his soul, ennoble heart and thought. In this way the child gives himself to the fairy-tale completely , not only while reading it, but later as well, while experiencing it again and again.
There are many moments in this novel when the heroine's wisdom is recognized. The funny words she speaks, the broken thoughts that continually come to her mind, some hilarious creatures and absurd sentences, all these have very great power to persuade readers that all this is real and not only a dream. Alice's perception is very sharp and her language is unusual.
Play is one of the elements of the structure of this novel. We shall point out in this paper the importance of play in experiencing the world. Playing with words is one of the main issues in this paper.There are many situations when Alice uses her imagination to make some conclusions. We would say that these conclusions were illogical, but sometimes, logic can be questioned.
Curiosity as one of the characteristics of children's personality is especially emphasized through description of adventures of the main heroine of the novel. Curiosity follows the time of childhood and helps young human beings find out about many secrets that life brings. We shall also point out to many directly or indirectly told didactical elements, which do not disturb aesthetic structure of the text not for one moment. This novel, with its composition, beauty of words and other elements offers contemporary readers always a new vision of life in different geographical and spiritual worlds The final point of the paper is that literary work for children teaches, enriches the spirit through language and poetic images.
Dimić, Milan (1954). Bajke evropskih naroda. Beograd.
Đorđić, Stojan (1995). Teorija recepcije i interkulturni pristup književnosti, Književnost, 1-2, Beograd.
Jovanović, Slobodan (2008). Književnost i reč u jeziku. Beograd: Univerzitet Braća Karić.
] Kerol, Luis (1980). Alisa u zemlji čuda. Beograd: Prosveta.
Milinković, Miomir (2006). Strani pisci za decu i mlade. Čačak: Legenda.
Smiljković, Stana (2006). Autorska bajka. Vranje: Učiteljski fakultet.
Velek-Voren (1974). Teorija književnosti. Beograd: Nolit.
] http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~rgs /alice-table.html