THE ROLE OF READERS AND RECEPTION THEORY IN POSTMODERN LITERATURE

  • Mirela Bašić Professor of bosnian language and literature
Keywords: theory of reception, postmodernism, readers, fiction, faction

Abstract

Many postmodern literary works of art pay great attention to readers. Consequently a new form of relationship is made between a reader and a work of art. Writers often disregard traditional literary convention and classical forms of narration and storytelling, so they can relate to readers and make them important participants in creating a novelistic world. There are different ways of involving the reader in a novelistic narrative, so we can to say that these methods are still inexhaustible. The narrator introduce readers at different, unexpected places of the novel, and there are the different ways of communication with readers, from different angles, in direct or indirect way. The reader is faced with a series of instructions on how to read a book, what to expect from it, and the reader certainly learn about some of the important theoretical questinos about literature, and the relationships that exist between literature as art (fiction) and reality (faction). For the first time in literature, the role of writer and reader is equal. The reader is now in the center of attention of the postmodernist novel because the reader becomes an accomplice in writing of literary work. The reader is, in postmodern literature, directly or indirectly involved in writing process, but also he is decoding the message of literary works. Roman counts on the experience of the readers, so they are nor passive more – novels needs the reader's activity in reading process. In the centre of this paper is also the concept of reception from the beginnings when modern school theory introduced in contemporary literary theory in the late 60s. The theory of reception is not only directed on a better understanding of a literary work, but also by reading readers to better understand themselves. Readers create their own meanings, which are certainly related to their particular and specific cultural, historical, political, social and religious contexts. On the other side, besides the aesthetics of the reception, there are a number of "related" theories, which also pay great attention to readers and introduce readers into the field of meaning / marking, namely: feminism, cultural materialism, new historicism, and postcolonial criticism. This means that the reader-response theory divides their questions, but also concerns, answers, dilemmas with all mentioned theories. The work is based on all aspects of literature as communication within the framework of structuralist and post-structuralist learning about the relationship between the author-works-reader.

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Published
2018-03-09
How to Cite
Bašić, M. (2018). THE ROLE OF READERS AND RECEPTION THEORY IN POSTMODERN LITERATURE. Knowledge International Journal, 22(6), 1622 - 1626. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/2856