KARL POPPER FALSIFICATION THEORY AS THE DRIVING FORCE OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRES

  • Violeta Babić University „Union - Nikola Tesla“, Faculty of Business Studies and Law, Belgrade
  • Aleksandra Milosavljević University „Union - Nikola Tesla“, Faculty of Business Studies and Law, Belgrade
Keywords: theory of falsification, knowledge, criticism, development of science and society

Abstract

The essence of the theory of falsification in the choice of a theory to the theory instead of confirming itself determine whether it is counterfeit. If we take as an example the theory of demand for certain commodities would have to check the analysis of movement of quantities and prices. If the empirical verification found that the theory is false, then it was replaced by another theory. In addition to this new theory and empirical undergo testing if it would be after all the checks and found that it is counterfeit, the whole process would be repeated. This theory of Karl Popper points out that the main source of knowledge of human fallibility, so that scientific knowledge evolves and progresses through successive processes of determining errors in finding new theory and their falsification. The theory that the superior can be forged in the future, because the future may appear new theory which leads to increased knowledge in specific areas and also to the development of science. The process of replacing a theory by a new and superior, is the process of approaching the truth, but there is no certainty that this will happen. The very process of replacing one theory to another indicates that there was an improvement of the theory in relation to all the previous ones, and it will again be subjected to analysis, testing and criticism, all of which will contributes to the reduction of falsification. The central place in Popper's philosophy takes the criticism, so that the basic elements of his philosophy of fallibility and critical approach. Theories which can not be criticized Popper called useless and worthless, and asks scientists to reject the same because they are not trying to solve the problems. Therefore Pepper comply with a critical attitude and opposes attempts to protect a theory from criticism. His critical method, Pepper was introduced as a method of trial and error. It is a way of proposing bold hypotheses and their exposure to criticism, to detect where we made a mistake. In addition to Popper's theory of falsification contributes to the development of human society, is important for the development of the organization. Companies need to find flaws in the existing theories and operational procedures, because otherwise fail. Popper views on revolutionary science and evolutionary process of creating a better world based on falsification, falsifiability, and elimination theory and policy, which will then be replaced by new, empirically based theories and policies. Through this process of improving the theory and politics human society grows and knowledge increases, which is the basis for human progress.

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Published
2018-03-09
How to Cite
Babić, V., & Milosavljević, A. (2018). KARL POPPER FALSIFICATION THEORY AS THE DRIVING FORCE OF SCIENTIFIC PROGRES. Knowledge International Journal, 22(6), 1859 - 1864. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/2891