• Kiril Atliev Emergency department, UMHAT ”St Georgi” – Plovdiv
  • Desislava Bakova Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Plovdiv
  • Maria Semerdjieva Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Plovdiv
Keywords: triage, emergency care, first assessment


The initial assessment of the condition of the patients, who need emergency medical care, is of crucial importance for their subsequent treatment. It is related to establishing the maximum time within which the patient must be examined by a physician, as well as the measures (manipulations, procedures, surgeries etc.) which must be undertaken for his/her appropriate and successful treatment. Since the units for emergency care are determined as high-risk ones, the use of a standardized system for performing an initial evaluation (the so-called triage) with the aim of ensuring timely and efficient medical care for emergency patients is necessary.
The present article presents the existing international triage systems which are used in emergency care - the Australian – New Zealand system (ATS „Australasian triage scale“), the English (MTS – „Manchester-Triage-System“), the Canadian (CTAS - „Canadian triage and acuity scale“) and the American (ESI „emergency severity index“) ones.
The main goal of all triage systems is primarily to decrease hospital mortality. In addition, the decrease to the minimum of the patients’ waiting time, hospitalization time, and the proper distribution of the medical staff are of crucial importance.


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How to Cite
Atliev, K., Bakova, D., & Semerdjieva, M. (2017). TRIAGE SYSTEMS IN EMERGENCY CARE (REVIEW). Knowledge International Journal, 19(4), 1515 - 1520. Retrieved from