COPING STRESS STRATEGIES DIFFERENCES AMONG WOMEN VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND WOMEN WHO ARE NOT VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
In psychology, stress is considered as a state of physical and mental burden, which is associated with higher adjustment requirements, including the family environment. Stressors can be different, but when there is violence in the family, a woman raises her own fears and strengthens the sensitivity towards them. Studies have confirmed that victims who are subjected to serious forms of domestic violence use a wide range of strategies to reduce or eliminate the threat to their physical security and emotional well-being. The small number of researches that have been developed for dealing with women victims of domestic violence suggest that women victims use certain types of strategies to cope with the impact of violence on their mental health. The active coping with the situation at home implies asking for help, constructive resolution of problems, and expression of their own emotions for which the woman is most often disabled because of the fear of intensifying violence by her partner.
In this research, was used a sample of 215 women, of which: 97 were women who did not experience domestic violence by their spouse, and 118 were women who were victims of domestic violence committed by their husbands and who sought help for the violence in centers for social work and / or police. In order to exclude the existence of domestic violence in the control group, the Woman Abused Screening Tool (WAST) was applied, which provide a rejection to all cases in which violence was detected. Only cases where there is no violence were taken into statistical analysis. An inventory of coping stress strategies (CSI - Coping Strategy Inventory) was used to examine strategies for coping with stress. This inventory is an adapted form of the questionnaire of Folkman and Lazarus (Ways of coping, 1981). According to the conducted ANOVA, it can be concluded that among women victims of domestic violence and women who are not victims of domestic violence there are statistically significant differences in the following coping stress strategies: problem solving, cognitive restructuring, social support, avoiding the problem, fantasy, self-criticism and social withdrawal. No statistically significant differences were found regarding the expression of emotions as a stress coping strategy.
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