E-LEARNING IN PRE-GRADUATE HEALTHCARE TRAINING – GOOD PRACTICE ACROSS THE WORLD
E-learning is a modern technological approach to creating active and constructive learning with a leading role of the student, has advantages that traditional education does not offer and is integrated in modern university education. It is developing extremely dynamically in health care because of the benefits it offers. A review has been done of educational initiatives, connected with pre-graduate training of healthcare specialists in developed countries – the United States, Canada and Australia, where it has been offered since the beginning of the century and there are established traditions. The aim is to study good practices and highlight problems in the design of electronic forms. Publications in English from referred sources are investigated. The following key issues are outlined: healthcare education has specific features that affect the use of electronic forms; the blended option is the most appropriate – face-to-face and e-learning; effectiveness is directly dependent on the quality of resources; it can be applied at each stage of the training - from the theory to the patient's bed; students have positive attitudes; teachers take on new roles and responsibilities. E-learning is an expensive and labor-intensive initiative and is created by multi-professional teams after analyzing the students’ pedagogical characteristics. Virtual training must be in line with the development strategy of the university and requires understanding and engagement of policy makers.
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