• Angelina Kirkova-Bogdanova Medical University – Plovdiv. Dept. “Medical Informatics, Biostatistics, E-learning”, Faculty of Public Health
  • Daniela Taneva Medical University – Plovdiv. Dept. “Nursing care”, Faculty of Public Health
  • Yordanka Tsokova Medical University – Plovdiv. Dept. “Nursing care”, Faculty of Public Health
  • Yordan Marchev Spec.”Pharmaceutical assistants”, Medical College
Keywords: e-learning, healthcare students, best practice


E-learning is a modern technological approach to creating active and constructive learning with a leading role of the student, has advantages that traditional education does not offer and is integrated in modern university education. It is developing extremely dynamically in health care because of the benefits it offers. A review has been done of educational initiatives, connected with pre-graduate training of healthcare specialists in developed countries – the United States, Canada and Australia, where it has been offered since the beginning of the century and there are established traditions. The aim is to study good practices and highlight problems in the design of electronic forms. Publications in English from referred sources are investigated. The following key issues are outlined: healthcare education has specific features that affect the use of electronic forms; the blended option is the most appropriate – face-to-face and e-learning; effectiveness is directly dependent on the quality of resources; it can be applied at each stage of the training - from the theory to the patient's bed; students have positive attitudes; teachers take on new roles and responsibilities. E-learning is an expensive and labor-intensive initiative and is created by multi-professional teams after analyzing the students’ pedagogical characteristics. Virtual training must be in line with the development strategy of the university and requires understanding and engagement of policy makers.


G. C. Farrington, "The New Technologies and the future of residential undergraduate education," in Dancing with the devil: information technology and the new competition in higher education, R. Katz, Ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999, pp. 956-7739.

I. E. Allen and J. Seaman. (January 2013) Changing Course: Ten Years of Tracking Online Education in the United States. [Online]. http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/changingcourse.pdf

(2015) CollegeChoice. 2015 Rankings of Best Online Bachelor of Sciene in Nursing Programs. [Online]. http://www.collegechoice.net/rankings/best-online-nursing-programs/

(2015) UMA Health Sciences Associate Degree Programs. [Online]. http://www.ultimatemedical.edu/programs/health-science-degree

(2013) GetEducated.com Online Physical Therapy Schools: How to Choose One. [Online]. http://www.geteducated.com/career-center/detail/physical-therapy-assistant

(2015) Education Portal. Online Medical Lab Technician Degree Program and Certification Info. [Online]. http://education-portal.com/articles/Online_Medical_Lab_Technician_Degree_Program_and_Certification_Info.html

(2015) Education Portal. Online Radiology Technician Degrees and Certification Information. [Online]. http://education-portal.com/articles/Online_Radiology_Technician_Degrees_and_Certification_Information.html

Education Portal. Online Dental Lab Technician Diploma and Certificate Programs. [Online]. http://education-portal.com/articles/Online_Dental_Lab_Technician_Diploma_and_Certificate_Programs.html

B. S. Broome, S. Daniels, R. Ryan, D. Davis, and S. Tucker-Allen, "Developing and Implementing a Model for Online Education for Nurses," ABNF Journal, no. 11,5, Sep. 2000.

L. Christianson, D. Tiene, and P. Luft, "Examining Online Instruction in Undergraduate Nursing Education," Distance Education, vol. 23, no. 2, Oct. 2002.

W. J. Berke and T. L. Wiseman, "The E-learning Answer," Nursing Management, vol. 34, pp. 26-29, Oct. 2003.

J. M. Novotny and R. H. Davis, Eds., Distance Education in Nursing, 2nd ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc, 2006.

M. Maag, "iPod, uPod? An emerging mobile learning tool in n ursing education and students'satisfaction," in Proceedings of the 23rd annual ascilite conference: Who' learning? Whose technology?, Sydney, 2006, pp. 483-492.

G. G. Smith, D. Passmore, and T. Faught, "The challenges of online nursing education," Internet and Higher Education, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 98-103, Jun. 2009.

C. M. Bolan, "Incorporating the experiental learning theory into the instructional design of online courses," Nurse Educator, no. 28(1), 2003.

L. McCord and W. McCord, "Online learning: Getting comfortable in the cyber class," Teaching and Learning in Nursing, no. 5, 2010.

D. Ulrich, S. Farra, S. Smith, and E. Hodgson, "The Student Experience Using Virtual Reality Simulation to Teach Decontamination," Clinical Simulation in Nursing, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 546-553, Nov. 2014.

Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada. The Canadian Healthcare Education Commons (CHEC). [Online]. http://www.afmc.ca/projects-chec-e.php

M. Carbonaro, et al., "Integration of e-learning technologies in an interprofessional health science course," Medical Teacher, Informa Healthcare, vol. 30, no. 1, 2008.

N. Posel and D. Fleiszer, "E-teaching, the Other Side of the e-Learning Equation: The 21 Century Medical Educator ," in Fourth International Conference on E-learning, Toronto, 2009, pp. 412-419.

L. L. Gibbard and F. Salajan, "A Blended Learning Approach to Designing Prosthodontic Appliances: Introducing a Novel Interactive Online Module in the Traditional Curriculum," in Fourth International Conference on E-learning, Toronto, 2009, pp. 278-283.

M. Flude-Luctkar, C. Pulling, and M. Larocque, "Ending Infusion Confusion: Evaluating a Virtual Intravenous Pump Educational Module," Clinical Simulation in Nursing, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. e39-e48, Feb. 2012.

V. Salyers, L. Carter, A. Carter, S. Myers, and P. Barrett, "The Search for Meaningful e-Learning at Canadian Universities: A Multi-Institutional Research Study," The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, vol. 15, no. 6, Dec. 2014.

H. Xiang-Yu, J. Rego, and M. Service, "Review article: Paramedic education opportunities and challenges in Australia," Emergency Medicine Australasia, no. 25, pp. 114-119, 2013.

B. Hegarty and A. Stewart. (Nov 2007) The Reality of Online Learning in Nursing Programmes - Two Case Studies. Scope (Flexible Learning).. [Online]. http://www.thescopes.org/flexiblelearning/articles/BronwynHegartyAlisonStewart.pdf

J. Koch, S. Andrew, Y. Salamonson, B. Everett, and P. M. Davidson, "Nursing students' perception of a web-based intervention to support learning," Nurse Education Today, vol. 30, pp. 584-590, 2010.

B. Williams, et al., "Undergraduate paramedic students' attitudes to e-learning: findings from five university programs," Research in Learning Technology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 89-100, Jul. 2011.

How to Cite
Kirkova-Bogdanova, A., Taneva, D., Tsokova, Y., & Marchev, Y. (2017). E-LEARNING IN PRE-GRADUATE HEALTHCARE TRAINING – GOOD PRACTICE ACROSS THE WORLD. Knowledge International Journal, 19(4), 1569 - 1575. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/3661