PROFESSIONAL STRESS ADAPTATION OF THE “NURSING” AND “MEDICAL REHABILITATION AND ERGOTHERAPY” STUDENTS IN “PROF. DR. ASEN ZLATAROV” UNIVERSITY-BURGAS, REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
The health and the working ability of ”Health Care and Public Health” students are directly dependent on endogenous factors - general state of the organism, character, value system, personal-professional motivation, as well as exogenous factors - organization and conditions of education, pedagogical psycho-climate, intensity of workload, working and rest. Stress levels of the students are determined firstly by the volume of curriculum, nervous-emotional tension and fatigue during sessions.
The causes of stress, or so-called stressogens, are the diversity and complexity of information in training, which leads to a high level of informational stress. Communicatiional stress arises in conflicts and controversies with colleagues, subjective assessment of lecturers and mentors from clinical training facilities, first encounters with sufferings, as well as patient care demands.
The aim of the research is to determine the stressogens and to understand the reactions of the students to the stress in order to lay the foundations for a manageable adaptation of the professional stress in the medical profession during the training. An anonymous questionnaire on the strength of stressors was used along with the Freudenberger / Richels self - evaluation test. 71 students from 6th semester from the ”Nursing“ and "Medical Rehabilitation and Ergotherapy" specialties, bachelor degree were interviewed.
The data from the stress - testing questionnaire is analyzed in two groups: organizational – educational and social stressors. The main sources of stress for most of the ”Nursing“ students are the exams and the uncertainty in carrying out practical manipulations. 94.74% of them have an impact on the difficulty with the study material. The majority of the students surveyed have a problem with the severe financial condition to varying degrees, as well as problems with parents.
When measuring mental health, data showed that 43.49 % of „Nursing” students are being overheated, while "Medical Rehabilitation and Ergotherapy" students are 18.75%. When comparing the two programs, there is again a significant difference in fatigue ratings, irritability, physical discomfort, while “Nursing” students have identified a higher degree of adverse effects of stress on the body.
The preparation in healthcare programs places high requirements and involves the acquisition of a wide range of competences and various skills - technical, organizational, communicative, pedagogical. In order to master and effectively manage occupational stress in the medical professions, it is necessary to use appropriate methods for purposeful adaptation to stressful situations in the process of acquiring knowledge and skills.
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