THE INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL-HYGIENE PERFOMANCES OF FABRICS ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CLOTHES
Nowadays, in addition to its functional aspects, clothes largely follows fashion trends related to the shape, color, length of the model, textile materials, etc. However, when it comes to the composition of the business elegant styling, which in the business world through good results, should contribute to easier opening of all doors of successful business, the clothes should emphasize the status, personality, firmness, durability, individuality and reputation of the company. Through the transfer request, selected clothes should possess and express a strong cultural and psychological aspect that shows the identity, origin, brand, with some companies. The sociological aspect of elegant business clothes should meet certain standards and norms, to show fit and confemism, but to have individualism that it is different from the rest. In addition to all requests and dress codes, clothes is the nearest human ambience and can be considered as a personal air conditioner without automatic regulation, in addition to the required jersey code it should create a pleasant and pleasant feeling when wearing or working. The body of a man wrapped in clothes is a complicated system of several textile layers that perform various functions. Immediately next to the skin there is a lingerie, whose task is to absorb moisture from the body and to take it away. When we talk about the upper layer of clothes that is not attached to the body, its task is to maintain the heat of the body and to reject external undesirable climatic influences. As a homothermal being, man is forced to keep his base temperature constant within narrow boundaries. To make it comfortable, there must be a balance between production and heat loss. If the balance does not exist, the body heat, and therefore the body temperature, is changing. Therefore, comfort is not a completely subjective feeling, but is based on physiological processes in the body. Physiological properties (characterized by certain physiological values) are in direct correlation with the comfort of clothes. The paper was designed to determine the physical and hygienic properties of multilayer sets of fabrics for making a commercially elegant female set. For this type of clothes, the volume of a comfortable environment is quite narrow if changes in clothes and activities are not allowed, for a low degree of activity with light clothes, the temperature interval is 3.5°C. The production of heat in humans is determined by how hard it is, for example the rate of metabolism. About 10% of the loss of human heat is due to breathing, and most of it is passed through the skin. This can occur in one of two ways: through the transfer of dry heat, which involves radiation, conduction and convection, and through the flow of moist heat due to evaporation of sweat (moisture transfer). In both cases, heat is transferred from the surface of the skin through the clothes, which depends on the composition of the fiber in the yarn, the construction of textile materials (fabric), and the commodity of the garment. Two basic fabrics, two underpants and adhesive canvas were selected for practical work, whereby physical and hygienic properties, such as: air permeability, water vapor permeability and humidity and porosity were examined through one-layer, two-layered and three-layered components.
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