THE REFUGEE CRISIS SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE THREAT TO THE NATIONAL SECURITY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

  • Antonina Atanasova Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia
Keywords: refugees, risk, migration, challenges

Abstract

In the recent decades, Europe has been the subject of constant waves of refugees from countries in the Middle East and Africa. They are triggered by existing and emerging military political, economic, climate and humanitarian crises.
This spatial movements of vast masses of people with different religious and cultural backgrounds from European countries has created serious economic and social problems for the host countries, posing a huge challenges to their integration policies, which need to be coordinated with EU law and international law.
Of course, Bulgaria has not remained isolated from all of these processes, keeping in mind our membership in the EU and our borderline geographical position, which makes our borders external to the Community. In this way, our country has become the target of numerous transits of refugees from Africa and Asia.
The main focus in the study of processes related to the mass movement of vast masses of people and the processes related to them are the refugee and migration crisis. As the terms "refugee crisis" and "migration crisis" are interchangeable in the present work, both will be used.
The object of the study is the national security of Bulgaria and the challenges it faced in the 21st century as a result of the refugee crisis.
The subject of the study are the refugee flows to Europe and the risks they pose to Bulgaria's national security.

References

Burdarov, G. (2012). Immigration, conflict and identity transformation in the European Union

Ivanov, M., & Naydenov, Kl. (2018). MIGRATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHALLENGES FOR BULGARIA, 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences & Art SGEM

Katsarski, N., (2019). Factors, determining migration of the population, Knowledge – Interantional Journal, Vol. 30.6

Katsarsky, N., (2019). THREATS AND RISKS TO EUROPEAN UNION SECURITY RELATED TO MIGRATION, International Scientific Conference GEOBALCANICA DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18509/GBP.2019.43 UDC: 314.15(4-672ЕУ);

Naydenov, Kl. (2018). International migration in Europe in the 21st century, International Scientific Conference GEOBALCANICA

Naydenov, Kl. (2017). THE DEMOGRAPHIC DEFICIT IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA - CONSEQUENCES AND DECISIONS, 4th international scientific conference on Social Science & Arts SGEM

Naydenov, Kl. (2017). Regional image - a prerequisite for economic development, ANNUAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINING AND GEOLOGY “ST. IVAN RILSKI”, Humanitarian sciences and Economics, 60

Найденов Кл., & Иванов, М. (2016). Управление на демографския риск в Р България – тенденции и перспективи, Годишник на МГУ “Св. Иван Рилски”, том 59, Annual of the University of mining and geology „St. Ivan Rilski“, Vol. 59, Part IV, Humanitarian sciences and Economics

https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Migration_and_migrant_population_statistics

https://www.iom.int/countries/bulgaria

Published
2020-03-13
How to Cite
Atanasova, A. (2020). THE REFUGEE CRISIS SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE THREAT TO THE NATIONAL SECURITY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA. Knowledge International Journal, 38(5), 1173 - 1177. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/3822