FEAR AND ANXIETY DURING SOCIAL ISOLATION
Men as a social being in difficult situations needs human contact, words of comfort, the presence of dear people. Unknown phenomena such as the epidemic and the measures imposed, which are experienced for the first time with intense sowing of fear and strict social distancing, have introduced people to a process that has permanently damaged the psyche and whose consequences we will treat for a long time. The elderly population and the completely imposed isolation with the unawareness of future events, and the constant news of death have especially contributed to the development of psychosomatic diseases based on fear and which has led to the worsening of chronic non-communicable diseases. The impossibility of communication and separation from the closest family members, the lack of warm human contact, conversation, touch had a particularly dramatic effect on everyone, especially the elderly. It is known in science that fear hormones cause accelerated heart rate, a jump in blood pressure, a disorder of hormonal status, a drop in immunity and eventually the development of incurable diseases. Communicating with the elderly, we confirmed the assumption that they find it very difficult to cope with the imposed way and mode of life, that they felt fear and anxiety to the level of panic due to uncertainty. They were especially irritated by the daily information about the large number of deaths and the display of the number of victims on TV screens. At the beginning of the epidemic, the medical profession itself did not know the cause, nor did it recognize the clinical picture, because all this did not resemble any disease that they learned about and that was known from the literature. Preventive measures in the sense of wearing masks that transmit viruses and gloves, which can themselves be sources of allergic reactions, and later infections, did not inspire confidence. The fact that the virus spread in an atypical way, according to the expert teams, that it required strict isolation and social distance, and that it was an ordinary seasonal virus, additionally caused confusion among the health workers themselves. Due to the fear of infection, a large number of people, despite the need for medical health care and manifestations of common disease symptoms, avoided visits to doctor's offices, which led to the neglect of their health condition. Feelings of helplessness, loneliness and depression were particularly pronounced among helpless elderly people and people with disabilities, who were deprived of the help of caregivers due to isolation. Fear and uncertainty about the loss of livelihood, a feeling of inability to help elderly family members and fear for their health were present among young people. There has also been an increase in the number of suicides, domestic violence, mental illness, etc. These are all conditions that need to be well observed, monitored and treated. In the event of a recurrence of the epidemic and the imposition of isolation, it is necessary to design a program of support and assistance to the elderly and infirm persons, people with mental illness and people with disabilities who were invisible during this isolation and social distancing, and were most affected and neglected.
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