ILLICIT TOBACCO TRADE – SOCIETAL AND HEALTH RISKS

  • Anna-Maria Nikolaeva Markova University of National and World Economy, Sofia
Keywords: Illegal tobacco, illicit trade, health risks, additives in illicit tobacco

Abstract

The main focus of the negative side effects of illicit tobacco trade will be the health issue. The lack of proper control on production, low taxes, poisonous contents and organized crime networks are only some of the risks the governments should deal with. Corruption models that allow illegal cigarettes to be a broadly and easily accessible good by youngsters have become a major world societal problem and it screams for urgent treatment.

Author Biography

Anna-Maria Nikolaeva Markova, University of National and World Economy, Sofia

Department "National and Regional Security"

References

Bethesda, A. (2016). Publication No.16- CA-8029: U.D. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; and Geneva CH : World Health Organization

Cohen, T. (2019). SARS pencils in an extra R10bn in tobacco excise revenue after clamping down on illicit industry, The Daily Maverick

FATF, 2012

Jhn, P., & Chaloupka, F.J. (n.d.). “Issues in smuggling of Tobacco Products”, in “Tobacco Control in Developing Countries”, London, Oxford University Press, p 389 – 411

“New dimensions boost cigarette smuggling”, Tobacco Journal International , Barford, M.F. p 4-17

https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/files/eudralex/vol-6/newdoc/2006_c_132_08_en.pdf

Published
2020-12-16
How to Cite
Nikolaeva Markova, A.-M. (2020). ILLICIT TOBACCO TRADE – SOCIETAL AND HEALTH RISKS. Knowledge International Journal, 43(5), 1049 - 1051. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/4814