APPLICATION OF SPECIAL INVESTIGATIVE MEASURES

  • Muhamet Racaj College Biznesi, Prishtina - Kosovo
  • Senat Saliu American University of Europe – FON, Skopje
  • Аrianit Racaj Army of the Republic of North Macedonia
Keywords: special investigative measures, criminality, criminal offenses

Abstract

Special investigative measures in the prevention and detection of organized crime has a special importance in the system of evidentiary tools, considering the way these actions are executed, the value of the protective case, the perpetrators and the implications that arise from these works, whether they are individual or with a more general inquiry.
The research on this evidentiary tool expands the interest of the study on the possibility for misuse of these probation tools, the supervision of the application manner and eventual sanctioning, to disable them from the mechanism for individual and collective protection, and from asocial behaviors to turn into mechanisms that affect the fundamental rights of the citizens which are guaranteed by the International Constitution.
The utilization of special investigative means can be made only if the court gives an order which is established by the prosecutor‘s proposal.
It is obvious that the application of special investigative means, such as pursuing, photographing, recording and other measures, risk the democracy of a country as well as the rights and the fundamental freedoms of the people. On the other hand there is a fundamental belief that democratic values are threatened by the sophisticated forms of criminality, therefore states should posses various tools for countering this phenomenon. Only for this reason this compromise is accepted, as long as the application of these special investigative measures is set in clear legal frameworks, so the possibility of their misuse will be reduced. It is a fact that these measures restrict the private life of citizens. The court for human rights in Strasburg admits that the application of special investigative measures as a special instrument of democratic societies is necessary in the prevention and persecution of criminality. But if their application is not adequately regulated, there is a possibility of a collapse of democracy with the justification that it is done for its protection.

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https://www.analyticamk.org/images/Files/impossible_mk_final_95921.pdf

Published
2020-12-16
How to Cite
Racaj, M., Saliu, S., & RacajА. (2020). APPLICATION OF SPECIAL INVESTIGATIVE MEASURES. Knowledge International Journal, 43(5), 1119 - 1129. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/4823