DIFFERENCES IN THE ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS AND MOTOR ABILITIES IN STUDENTS FROM DIFFERENT URBAN ENVIRONMENTS

  • Egzon Shala
  • Kristian Andrea
  • Sahit Prizreni
  • Edon Shala
  • Kostovski Zarko
Keywords: anthropometric characteristics, motor abilities, basic statistic, t-test

Abstract

Physical education in schools has a major role in the formation of the personality of the child. The only appropriate level of motor abilities enables successful learning of complex motor tasks, abilities acquisition and creating habits. Hence, the main goal of physical education is through interesting structures and exercises to reassure the child, develop his motor abilitiess, to embody a competitive spirit in him, to socialize him, and so on. Generally speaking, for this purpose, students should actively participate in the process of physical education, to understand the value and the importance of the exercise system for their psycho-physical health, physical development and obtaining positive moral qualities of the person. To get the true picture of a child, his current state, standardized tests are performed in predefined conditions. The tests are tools that measure the appropriate characteristics or abilities. There are many types of tests that allow to reflect current motor abilities, morphological characteristics and psycho-physical conditions of a child who is part of the curriculum of physical education and sports. From a technical and organizational point of view, their application is justified and simple, but from a professional point of view, require an appropriate level of knowledge of the emerging phenomenon. The scientists, in the field of sports and physical education in Europe, recognized the need to monitor the physical development and motor abilities of children and youth, and therefore they created a standardized battery of tests recommended by the Council of Europe (Eurofit, 1993). In addition to the basic procedure for assessing physical development, the EROFIT battery contains nine motor tests covering flexibility, velocity, endurance and strength. The survey was conducted on a sample of 109 male students. Respondents are divided according to the criteria age, 14 and 15 years old (8th and 9th grade), from two primary schools from two municipalities in Prishtina. The research was conducted in order to determine the differences in the anthropometric and motor characteristics between the students from the 8th and 9th grade, from two primary schools from both municipalities. In addition to the basic statistical parameters, for determining the univariant differences among the students in the applied variables, the t-test was applied. From the comparison of the applied variables on the two sub samples, statistically significant differences in the anthropometric characteristics and in the motor abilitieswere determined.

References

Bala, G. (1980). Struktira i razvoj morfoloskih i motorickih dimenzija dece SAP Vojvodine. Novi Sad: Fakultet fizicke kulture.

Bala, G. (1986). Logičke osnove metoda za analizu podataka iz istraživanja u fizičkoj kulturi. Novi Sad: dr Gustav Bala.

Findak. V.. Metikoš. D.. Mraković. M. i Neljak. B. (1996). Primijenjena kineziologija u školstvu. Norme. Zagreb: Hrvatski pedagoško-književni zbor. Fakultet za fizičku kulturu Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Pelemiš M., Stević D. i Radojević D.(2008): Analiza razlika nekih antropoloških karakteristika učenika srednje škole različitog uzrasta, Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije, Novi Sad.

Strong, WB., Malina, RM., Blimkie, CJ., Daniels, SR., Dishman, RK., Gutin, B., Hetgenroeder, AC., Must, A., Nixon, PA., Pivarnik, JM., Rowland, T., Trost, S., Trudeau, F. (2005). Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth. J Pediatr 146:732-737.

Višnjić, D. (2004). Teorija i metodika fizičkog vaspitanja, univerzitetski udžbenik, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja, Beograd

Published
2018-09-25
How to Cite
Shala, E., Andrea, K., Prizreni, S., Shala, E., & Zarko, K. (2018). DIFFERENCES IN THE ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS AND MOTOR ABILITIES IN STUDENTS FROM DIFFERENT URBAN ENVIRONMENTS. Knowledge International Journal, 26(3), 951 - 955. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/KIJ/article/view/531
Section
Articles