NATURE OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES
The subject of the article is the professional competencies and the content of the training which builds them. Modern society requires from the educational institutions to generate competitive specialists who possess high level of competence, who are capable to react quickly to quality changes both in the professional and the social area, and also who are ready for constant professional development. These requirements call for the tendencies in the education to be related to the orientation of the training process towards developing competence in the future specialists, competence that is built through training which forms professional competencies. In this article for the purpose of defining the essence of professional competencies and competence in general, the terms “competence” and “competency” are seen as intrinsically linked terms, because the competencies which represent a set of knowledge and skills, are considered components of the competence and set its level. And namely due to the important role of the professional competencies for the building up of a specialist’s profile, the conducting of high level training must be a priority for every educational institution or training organization. Quality should reflect the actually achieved results at the end of the training process and their conformity with the regulatory requirements and the social expectations, and the best way to determine the quality of the conducted training is from the level of the competencies acquired though it and which are demonstrated in the working environment in the fulfilment of the duties of a particular position.
The conducting of a training course must conform to the requirements of the European legislation and the regulatory framework of the country, and also the training process has to ensure high level of the built professional competencies. As it is specified in the article, in order for this to happen the training has to include the acquisition of five groups of knowledge and skills, as it follows: social and personal knowledge and skills, organizational and management knowledge and skills, scientific and applied knowledge and skills, general professional knowledge and skills, and special knowledge and skills. Of great importance for the right selection of the training content is to ensure interaction between the educational institutions and the users of qualified personnel. Thus trainees will study what they will need to know and to be capable of doing for their future career building in the profession which they are preparing for.
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