THE PLACE OF SERVITUDES AMONGST DIFFERENT TYPES OF REAL RIGHTS
The types and number of real rights throughout history in the world have changed depending on the development of social relations and the prevailing understandings of civil law science. However, almost always in the scientific thoughts there was unanimity not only in the sense that ownership is the basic real right, but also that the first subsequent real right arising from the powers, or authorizations of the right of ownership is the right of servitude. When talking about servitudes, it must be noted that in the first instance the real servitudes are taken into consideration, that is, those that are founded in favor of some real estate. Servitudes are counted among other real rights other than ownership and which in fact derive from the right of ownership. Servitudes, as other real rights, are created when the content of right of ownership, as real right with widest authorizations, is dismembered, modified, or when certain aspects of its content are taken and formed into a new separate distinctive right. Civil law recognizes and accepts those parts of ownership as separate independent real rights that are sufficient and fulfilling all necessary assumptions to be realized without their holder claiming another right. Thus, when the authorization to use the property that the right of ownership gives to its holder, is transferred to another person in relation to a part of the property, then that transferred authorization is actually the content of the right of servitude. Through transfer and their modification of other authorizations that ownership consists of, the other real rights are created. There are different classifications of real rights in view of their occurrence and definition, so the following classifications are most commonly accepted: main and auxiliary real rights, ownership and others - limited or derived rights, real rights of one's own or other's rights, real rights of movable and immovable objects, the principle of enumerating real rights and others. By analyzing these different types of classifications, the following questions inevitably arise: which classification is the most commonly worldwide accepted and which one gives the best view of the different kinds of real property right in order to fully understand the right of servitude. Using mostly the historical method of researching and the method of content analyses, in this paper will be attempted to get answers to those questions by showing the main characteristics and the strengths and weaknesses of every classification with an emphasis on servitudes as one of the oldest real property rights.
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