PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF MODERNISM AND GLOBALIZATION: ZYGMUNT BAUMAN ANDOTHERS
In the public discourse and academic opinions oftenwe happen to face with the terms ofmodernism, globalization, global world, global economy, global village, and similar. In different fields these terms, and especially the globalization, has got different meanings,each of which with a common denominator that represents the character of generalizing a process, its elements and principles of which cooperate as a whole. In one way or another the question of the globalization and its effects on society, economics, science and technology has provided the right place in studying social, economic, technical, scientific or medical fields, however – globalization gained its place also in the field of philosophy. In philosophy the theme of globalization has received a special interest. While in other areas, globalization was to take into account generalizing character, in the field of philosophy, globalization takes distinctive character, ie, the process of globalization and its effect into human being itself. The human being according to the recent philosophers, in influence of globalizing effects, has undergone some changes in the psychological, aesthetic, epistemological and ontological domains. Here, of course, there are many aspects to analyze, however what interests most recent philosophers is the impacts of globalization in the well-being of the human being itself. There are various theories, sometimes contradictory and sometimes compatible with each other, however what makes impressions in this discourse is that the process of globalization has shaken the basics of how huamn being is defined. In this context, one of the 20th century's most famous sociologists and philosophers, Zygmunt Bauman, poses a lot of doubts about whether globalization is compatible with human nature or does not, or if the degree of alienation will tranform human being transformed into something else. In extensive analysis of the latter, Bauman uses notions such as modern fever, panoptic syndrome, synoptic effect, space-wars, tourists and vagabonds etc., demanding to describe the essential human involvement in the globalization process. In addition, Bauman in the process of globalization notice the compression of time –as he deposits the term - which creates the so-called new global social stratas, which dismantle the classical sociological structures, as we have previously referred to in social sciences. The latter, and other theories, will be analyzed separately in our paper that seeks to see globalization through another prism - such as philosophy does.
Aristotel, Organon, Beograd, Kultura, 1965.
A. Anxaku, Arsyeja ndërmjet mitit, iluminizmit dhe refleksionit kritik, Tiranë: Maluka, 2007.
Z. Bauman, Globalization: Human Consequences, Oxford: Polity Press, 1998.
Z. Bauman, Liquid Modernity, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000.
J.A. Scholte,Globalization – A Critical Introduction (2nd Edition), NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
J.F. Lyotard, Kushti Postmodern – Raport mbi Situatën e Dijes, Tiranë: ISP & Edlora, 2011.