TOLERANCE, INTEGRATION AND DIALOGUE AS DYNAMIC PRINCIPLES OF LIBERAL MULTICULTURALISM
The motif behind this paper is to explore the issue related to tolerance, integration and dialogue, which represent dynamic principles of multiculturalism, especially the liberal multiculturalism. From a historical perspective, liberalism and tolerance are closely related, but their connection is also a conceptual one.
Many debates about tolerance have dealt with its scope and boundaries. This is often related to different attitudes about the moral grounds or justification of tolerance.
Among the influential arguments put forward in favour of tolerance are the ones to invoke the principles of unity, neutrality and regard for individuals. The principles of neutrality and regard for individuals are gaining salience especially in recent liberal theories on the proper role of the state. These principles seek that the state be neutral in the same sense among the various concepts of good held and followed by its citizens.
Without ever abandoning the care for individual rights and freedoms, liberalism should insist on harmonising freedom with equality and community. If liberalism should ever have a chance of establishing itself in countries with polyethnic structures, it must explicitly meet the needs and aspirations of ethnic and national minorities.
Besides integration and tolerance, dialogue is a dynamic principle of liberal democracy. It is considered to be the bloodline of the institutional system in multicultural societies and countries, and therefore, the dialogue led among cultural groups or their political elite is one of the most prominent topics.
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