CONFUCIANISM AS A RELIGION - ITS EFFECTS ON EDUCATION, POLITICS AND ECONOMY
The central figure of this work’s study is Confucius. This work beggins with the cultural history of China, moving on to the difference between Chinese and Western ethics, that is, the ethics of the Occident and the Orient. Apart from his biography, creative work, moral and ethical foundation of his ideas, discussion of Confucius further spreads through the analysis of Confucianism and its meaning-not only for Chinese society but also for other Asian societies. Besides the obvious meaning of Confucianism in the context of education this work will show that Confucius was more than a teacher in the general meaning of the word and that his religion” according to many critics is not the religion in the sense of the word that is commonly understood and interpreted”. It is very important to point out what will be further clarified in the following work-it is the morals and living ethics that are the doctrins and postulates of Confucianism which make the people “complete” and therefore useful to their state as well as their society. The notion of religion is discussed from the sociological perspective and through the analysis of the notion itself. Also, the classiffication of religion and its symbols in the context of which Eastern Asian religions are discussed with the essential clarification of each religion and their implications on social phenomena and contemporary culture. Confucianism is further observed not only through the ethical and moral prism but also from the various aspects with the special emphasis on its role in education, politics and economy. However, as a national phylosophy, it proved to be extremely efficient in practice. It is apparent when we take into account its abilities to maintain internal peace and progress for over 20 centuries. It is precisely one of the key points of this research- to clarify how and why China was more or less best governed part of the world and how much Confucianism influenced its development into one of the greatest world economies. The research will finally demonstrate the reason and the way Confucianism influenced economical growth of the eastern Asian countries, especially due to the education politics which stems directly from the Confucianism postulates. Despite the fact the Confucianism ideals have not been widely accepted outside eastern Asia for a long time, they had an extremely strong impact on Corea and Japan-the two countries greatly influenced by the Chinese culture. Therefore, moral values and the significance of Confucianism have not only left deep and unsurpassable traces in the Eastern culture, but their authenticity and originality will remain the role model for the world culture in general.
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