EDUCATIONAL AND THEMATIC REVIEW OF FOLKLOR IN MUSIC TRAINING IN KINDERGARDEN
Keywords:kindergarten, music education, musical folklore, music pedagogue
The course of the changes in the Bulgarian education system is a direct reflection of the changes in the different structures and institutions in recent years. Among the key areas of refor, the pre-school and school education system has undergone significant changes in structures, models and practices.
The personal development process starts from childhood, with the upbringing in the kindergarten, where children get acquainted with the world and themselves. The musical upbringing has an important role for their socialization and formation of social and civic competences. In the pre-school music education curricula developed in accordance with the new SER for educational content and approved by the Ministry of Education and Science, Bulgarian musical folklore as a factor for children's musical, emotional, intellectual and physical development is educational and thematic. The positive aspects of communication between children from the earliest age with its models - the variety of songs and music for performance and perception, movements, folk dances and games - is the basis for the authors of all approved educational materials for the kindergarten in the educational field Music to include it.
During the work with Bulgarian musical folklore in the contemporary educational process of music in the kindergarten the musical pedagogue skillfully combines traditional and interactive methods, integrates knowledge, experience and skills with the other educational directions. This greatly encourages unity to be enjoyable and beneficial. Children learn easily about music content in an interesting and entertaining way. Working with musical folklore provides incredible opportunities to develop the individual abilities and interests of each child, while building team skills.
The specificity of musical-pedagogical work with folklore in the kindergarten reflects the personal and professional profile of the musical pedagogue, covers both the methods and approaches that the teacher uses in the music education, the acquired knowledge, skills and competences on a professional basis, as well as the personal attitude that the teacher uses to present the Bulgarian musical folklore as a national spiritual value. Building this value in children from pre-school is one of the most important. The professional training of the music pedagogues allows them to gain both knowladge and develop self-discipline. It models the conditions in which the child enriches his personality, forms any kind of culture - ethic, moral, musical, mathematical, ecological, health, physical. In this sense, the figure of the music pedagogue is also a factor and a condition in the process of building the child's personality, as well as the guardian of the national values. In the kindergarten the modern music teacher performs new tasks in the modern educational environment, adopts new criteria for structuring the pedagogical and educational process of music, preserving the individuality and stimulating the creativity of the children. The educational and thematic presence of Bulgarian musical folklore is the basis for understanding these ideas.