THE SPINAL CORD, ITS DEFORMATIONS AND HOW AFFECTED ARE THE TEENAGERS FROM THESE DEFORMATIONS
Keywords:Spinal cord, Vertebra, Invertebral discs, Spinal joints, Scoliosis, Kyphosis
Spinal cord is a complex structure which provides stability and mobility in the human body. It serves as a column for keeping the body upright and at the same time protects the spinal cord. In the healthy spinal cord there are three natural distortions that give it the shape of the letter S, if you look at it from the side position. These natural distortions enable the proper distribution of body weight. But there are cases when the spinal cord can incur deformities. The causes leading to these deformations are different. Pathological deformities of the spinal cord are scoliosis and kyphosis. Scoliosis is the deformity that comes as a result of a lateral curvature of a segment of the spine to its longitudinal axis, while kyphosis is the deformity that comes from the pathological anterior-posterior curvature of the spine with convexity from the back. In the early stages then they can be improved through physical activity.
This is the purpose of this study to get acquainted with spinal deformities and how affected students are by these deformities. For this purpose, research has been undertaken and questionnaires have been completed by students of tenth, eleventh and twelfth grades of Jordan Misja High School . The questionnaire was completed by 200 students in total, seventy-two students from the tenth grade, sixty-six from the eleventh grade and sixty-two from the twelfth grade. Through the questionnaire we managed to analyze how much high school students know about spinal problems and whether they have ever had such problems.
Physical activity is very important.Posture exercises are also diverse based on the curvature, the problem, a special program is made. A therapy with a physiotherapist is recommended 3-4 times a week and the exercises focus on balancing the muscles, because in such problems, some muscles are elongated, and some are shortened, and it is claimed that a balance is established. It is recommended that most exercises be performed before mirror, also aids are: A stick, tera band, Swedish ladder, a pillow. It starts with stretching exercises, trying to regulate breathing. Neck muscle extensions are very important. There are many exercises that focus on the movement of the hands, to gain an extension and relaxation of the muscles of the chest and back. Many exercises take place on the ball, the ball serves as a standing point to gain balance. We have extensions near the Swedish degree where some pressure can be exerted by the physiotherapist