ALCOHOL USE AS A CONTEMPORARY RISK FACTOR ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Authors

  • Kiril Panayotov Angel Kanchev University of Ruse, Faculty of Public Health and Health Care

Keywords:

risk factor, alcohol, chronic diseases

Abstract

The definition of health given by the World Health Organization includes the existence of full physical, mental and social well-being, thus taking into account the influence of a number of factors of the social environment, including lifestyle. Throughout his life, a person is exposed to a number of factors and phenomena that most often have a complex impact on his health, such as those that lead to adverse health events - illness, trauma, injury or death, are referred to as risk factors. If we look at risk as an event, it should be assumed that it is a manifestation or unfavorable combination of various aspects of health factors (health determinants) - genetics, environment, lifestyle, level of healthcare and in particular medicine. In case of evidence of causal associations between a risk factor and certain health problems, it can be said that they are interrelated and in many cases mutually potentiated. Within the lifestyle of each individual, group or community, a number of behavioral risk factors are identified that increase the probability of deteriorating health and increase susceptibility to certain diseases. Within the lifestyle of each individual, group or community, a number of behavioral risk factors are identified that increase the likelihood of deteriorating health and increase susceptibility to certain diseases. These include smoking, alcohol and psychoactive substance abuse, high levels of psychosocial stress, irrational nutrition, self-medication, low physical activity and many more. The interest of the scientific medical communities in this topic is determined by the fact that the trends in modern human society are increasing the frequency of these factors, decreasing the age of their manifestation, increasing their severity and association with a number of chronic non-communicable diseases. The systematic research of the exposure, intensity and frequency of spread of these behavioral risk factors among different populations is a strong evidence in development and implementation of prevention and intervention programs aimed at limiting the impact of common risk factors associated with the occurrence and development of most chronic non-communicable diseases and their burden to society

Author Biography

Kiril Panayotov, Angel Kanchev University of Ruse, Faculty of Public Health and Health Care

epartment of Medical and Clinical Diagnostic Activities

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Published

2021-02-15

How to Cite

Panayotov, K. (2021). ALCOHOL USE AS A CONTEMPORARY RISK FACTOR ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES. KNOWLEDGE - International Journal, 44(2), 145–150. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/kij/article/view/323