SPINAL DEFORMITIES IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS AND LONG-TERM EFFECTS IN ADULTHOOD

Authors

  • Mariya P.Kostova Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Sofia
  • Zlatitsa Petrova Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Sofia
  • Vasilka Vylova MU Sofia

Keywords:

types of spinal deformities, idiopathic scoliosis, postural pathologies

Abstract

Spinal deformity is a well-known and familiar medical problem nowadays. The prevalence of the most common spinal deformity – idiopathic scoliosis ( AIS ) is between 1-3% in the world and between 5-6% in Bulgaria in recent years. There are no accurate statistics of postural pathologies of the spine. Spinal deformities are a basic factor for destruction of the spine in adulthood. Often the treatment of AIS and postural pathologies in prolonged and not effective enough, leading to progression of the condition in adulthood.
Globally, there is already a known diagnosis – adult spinal deformity (ASD), which is characterized by three-dimensional abnormalities of the thoracic and thoracolumbar segment. These anomalies have a significant impact on human health and impair their quality of life. ASD is heterogeneous and includes degenerative changes in the spine, the presence of thoracic deformity and \ or spinal scoliosis. Globally, ASD in adults over 60 years of age is increasing and has a high prevalence of 68%. ASD can lead to back pain, progressive deformity, and neurological symptoms due to asymmetric, degenerative changes.
Purpose:
To study how spinal deformities in children and adolescents progress and effects on the spine in adulthood.
Tasks:
1. Basic spinal deformities and their pathokinesiological characteristics in children and adolescents.
2. To systematize the most common residual pathological deviations in postural pathologies in adulthood

Author Biographies

Mariya P.Kostova, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Sofia

Department of Health Policy and Management

Zlatitsa Petrova, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Sofia

Department of Health Policy and Management

Vasilka Vylova, MU Sofia

Department of Health Policy and Management

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Published

2021-02-15

How to Cite

P.Kostova, M., Petrova, Z., & Vylova, V. (2021). SPINAL DEFORMITIES IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS AND LONG-TERM EFFECTS IN ADULTHOOD. KNOWLEDGE - International Journal, 44(2), 183–189. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/kij/article/view/327

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