EARLY DIAGNOSTICS AND PREVENTION OF SPINAL DEMORMITIES IN CHILDREN OF PRE-SCHOOL AGE - AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH IN THE PRACTICAL TRAINING OF THE STUDENTS
Keywords:practical training, early diagnostics, prevention, spinal deformities, kinesitherapeutic program
Contemporary lifestyle and reduced motor activity are factors that provoke the appearance of irregular posture and various deformities of the spine and chest in children of pre-school age. Prolonged and early rehabilitation in children with vertebral distortions is a major factor in general strengthening, proper development and stimulation of the whole organism. This helps to overcome spinal problems, improve the function of the lungs and the chest and create a strong muscle corset. The aim of the present study is to diagnose spinal deformities and to extend the professional competences of the students of specialty "Medical rehabilitation and ergotherapy" for work with children. The subject of the study are 248 children aged 6 and 7 from the kindergartens on the territory of the town of Stara Zagora during the clinical practice of the students. The analysis of the most common types of spinal deformities was the basis for compiling and conducting a kinesitherapeutic program to increase the motor activity of children. Through a regular use of kinesitherapy, swimming and sports games, the tone of the spinal muscles is improved, the muscle imbalance is overcome and the movement of the chest is stimulated. A healthy muscular corset is created and the neuropsychological development of the children is stimulated. Involvement of students in preventive actions to combat vertebral distortions is an innovative approach to practical training that stimulates motivation and improves practical skills.