STRUCTURAL FEATURES AND INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE INDICATORS CHARACTERISING THE PHYSICAL AND THE TECHNICAL QUALITIES OF THE 12-14 YEARS OLD FOOTBALL PLAYERS PLAYING ON DIFFERENT GAME POSITIONS

Authors

  • Georgi Ivanov South-West University „Neofit Rilski“ Blagoevgrad, Republic of Bulgaria

Keywords:

physical, technical, speed-power, functional qualities, general workability, aerobic performance of the organism, playing position, training methods

Abstract

The level and the quality of the footbal game depends on both the condition of the physical and the functional preparation of the players, and also on the differentiation of the preparation of the players playing on a different game positions. It is necessary to define the qualities of the 12-14 years old players, so that the training process is directed towards the development of the ones from them, which in the future will be needed to take the positions, such as strikers, midfielders, defenders and goalkeepers. From here the individual preparation begins in which the differences in the training, in the selection of the training means and in the methods will be searched. For the sports training of 12-14-year-old football players it is especially important to determine the type of indicators, to establish the relationships, and to determine the quantitative degree of dependence between them.

In this regard, the aim of the study is to determine the leading qualities typical of 12-14-year-old players, which will lead to differentiation of training in playing positions. We studied 50 players aged 12 to 14, distributed by playing positions as follows: defenders - 25 and strikers - 25. The players were tested on 25 indicators focused on their basic physical, technical and speed-power qualities, as well as their functional indicators. The data were processed statistically.

The results of the defenders indicate the correlations between speed and power and technical capabilities, but they also include the ability to control the ball with increasing speed and technique of performance. They show the importance of their general functional training and provide useful information to the coach in which direction to correct it. The results of the strikers show that the development of physical and technical qualities is a much more complex process than it is for the defenders. For both game positions, there are links between physical development and the body's aerobic performance. It is necessary to conclude that in determining the playing position of the players, the key point is to distinguish and differentiate the training methods and means for the respective age group.

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Published

2021-12-15

How to Cite

Ivanov, G. (2021). STRUCTURAL FEATURES AND INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE INDICATORS CHARACTERISING THE PHYSICAL AND THE TECHNICAL QUALITIES OF THE 12-14 YEARS OLD FOOTBALL PLAYERS PLAYING ON DIFFERENT GAME POSITIONS. KNOWLEDGE - International Journal, 49(6), 1317–1322. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/kij/article/view/4506