ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR WATER RESOURCES AS WATER CAPITALS /THE CASE OF FISH TOXICOLOGY IN THE “VITA PLUS” PROJECT/

Authors

  • Elenka Georgieva University of Plovdiv Paisii Hilendarski, Bulgaria
  • Iliana Velcheva University of Plovdiv Paisii Hilendarski, Bulgaria
  • Stela Stoyanova University of Plovdiv Paisii Hilendarski, Bulgaria
  • Vesela Yancheva University of Plovdiv Paisii Hilendarski
  • Atanas Vladikov University of Plovdiv Paisii Hilendarski, Bulgaria

Keywords:

EU Water Framework, EU Directives, bioeconomy, circular economy, water resource/s, water capital/s, polluted waters, waste waters management, pollution, pollutants, fish toxicology, pesticides, biomarkers, bioremediation

Abstract

This paper is focused on presenting some ecological and economic aspects related to reconsider water
resources as water capitals, in the forthcoming concept of introducing bioeconomy in the new EU sets of strategies,
policies, and regulations. Financing of this paper is provided by the “Vita Plus” project (2021-2022) – a
transdisciplinary project, executed by researchers of the University of Plovdiv. The object of this paper is to
conduct a research and demonstrate through the “Vita Plus” project complex methods of detecting toxicity in waters.
Furthermore, the focus of the paper is to provide an adequate model for measuring toxicity levels of waters by
conducting reliable toxicology research on fishes from polluted waters. We aimed to set a reliable laboratory
practice, which may be utilized to deliver comparable indicators, as prescribed by EU policies and regulations in the
forthcoming programming period 2021-2027, as there will be a general shift towards circular economy of no to
minimum waste in nature.

References

Bachmat, Y. (1994). Groundwater as part of the water system. In: Zoller, U. (Ed.), Groundwater Contamination and Control. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 5-20.

Chivian, E., & Bernstein, A. (2008). Sustaining Life: How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity, Oxford University Press, New York

De La Torre, C., Petochi, T., Corsi, I., Dinardo, M.M., Baroni, D., Alcaro, L., Focardi, S., Tursi, A., Marino, G., Frigeric, A., & Amato, E. (2010). DNA damage, severe organ lesions and high muscle levels of As and Hg in two benthic fish species from a chemical warfare agent dumping site in the Mediterranean Sea. Science of the Total Environment, 408(9): 2136-2145.

De La Torre, F.R., Ferrari, L., & Salibián, A. (2005). Biomarkers of a native fish species (Cnesterodon decemmaculatus) application to the water toxicity assessment of a peri-urban polluted river of Argentina. Chemosphere, 59(4): 577-583.

Derbalah, A., Ismail, A., & Shaheen, S. (2013). Monitoring of organophosphorus pesticides and remediation technologies of the frequently detected compound (chlorpyrifos) in drinking water. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 15: 3-25.

Gross, L. (2008). Can farmed and wild salmon coexist? PLoS Biology 6: 46

Kralj, M.B., Franko, M., & Trebse, P. (2007). Photodegradation of organophosphorus insecticides–Investigations of products and their toxicity using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and AChE-thermal spectrometric bioassay. Chemosphere, 67: 99-107. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.09.039.

Lomsadze, Z., Makharadze, K., Tsitskishvili, M., & Pirtskhalava, R. (2017). Water resources of Kakheti and ecological problems. Annals of Agrarian Science, 15: 204-208.

Milačič, R., Zuliani, T., Vidmar, J., Oprčkal, P., & Ščančar, J. (2017). Potentially toxic elements in water and sediments of the Sava River under extreme flow events. Science of the Total Environment, 605-606: 894-905.

Napierska, D., Sanseverino, I., Loos, R., Gómez Cortés, L., Niegowska, M., & Lettieri, T. (2018). Modes of action of the current Priority Substances list under the Water Framework Directive and other substances of interest, EUR 29008 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, ISBN 978-92-79-77301-3, doi: 10.2760/226911, JRC110117.

Paul, D. (2017). Research on heavy metal pollution of river Ganga: A review. Annals of Agrarian Science, 15: 278-286.

Rani, L., Thapa, K., Kanojia, N., Sharma, N., Singh, S., Grewal, A.S., Srivastav, A.L., & Kaushal, J. (2021). An extensive review on the consequences of chemical pesticides on human health and environment. Journal of Cleaner Production 283: 124657.

Stamenković, S., Tatjana, L.J., Cvetković, V., Krstić, N., Baošić, R., Marković, M., Nikolić, N., Marković, V., Cvijan, M. (2013). Biological indication of heavy metal pollution in the areas of Donje Vlase and Cerje (Southeastern Serbia) using epiphytic lichens. Archives of Biological Sciences, 65(1): 151-159.

Stoyanova, S., Georgieva, E., Velcheva, I., Iliev, I., Vasileva, T., Bivolarski, V., Tomov, S., Nyeste, K., Antal, L., Yancheva, V. 2020. Multi-Biomarker assessment in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio, Linnaeus 1758) liver after acute chlorpyrifos exposure. Water, 12: 1837.

Stoyanova, S., Georgieva, E., Velcheva, I., Atanassova, P., & Yancheva, V. (2019). Lipid accumulation in Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1785) liver induced by thiamethoxam. Zoonotes, 1:4.

Van Der Oost, R., Beyer, J., & Vermeulen, N. (2003). Fish bioaccumulation and biomarkers in environmental risk assessment: a review. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 13(2): 57-149.

Vidal, R R L., & Moraes, J.S. (2019). Removal of organic pollutants from wastewater using chitosan: a literature review. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 16, e1741ee1754. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-2061-8.

Vladikov, A., & Arnaudova, E. (2019). Concept on Applying European Standards in Water Capital Management at National, Basin, and Regional Levels in the Republic of Bulgaria, In Bulgarian language, Koncepcia za prilagane na evropeiski standarti v politikata po upravlenie na vodnia capital na Republika Balgaria na nacionalno, baseinovo i regionalno nivo, Plovdiv University Press, ISBN 978-619-202-449-9, 24 pages

Wang, S., Xu, Y., Norbu, N., & Wang, Z. (2018). Remediation of biochar on heavy metal polluted soils. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 108, 042113 https://doi.org/ 10.1088/1755-1315/108/4/042113.

Weizsacker, E., & Wijkman, A. (2018). Come on! Capitalism, Short-termism, Population and the Destruction of the Planet, A Report to the Club of Rome, Springer Science+Business Media LLC, p. 174

Yancheva, V., Velcheva, I., Georgieva, E., & Stoyanova, S. (2019). Periodic Acid - Schiff (PAS) reaction in fish liver exposed to fungicide contamination: A possible histochemical biomarker. Ecologia Balkanica, 11(1): 1-10.

Yancheva, V., Velcheva, I., Stoyanova, S., & Georgieva, E. (2016). Histological biomarkers in fish as a tool in ecological risk assessment and monitoring programs: a review. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 14(1): 47-75.

Yancheva, V., Velcheva, I., Stoyanova, S., & Georgieva, E. (2015). Fish in ecotoxicological studies. Ecologia Balkanica, 7(1): 149-169.

Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, Official Journal L 327, 22/12/2000 P. 0001 – 0073

Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (Text with EEA relevance)

European Commission (2018). A sustainable Bioeconomy for Europe: strengthening the connection between economy, society and the environment. Updated Bioeconomy Strategy, Brussels, European Commission, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, European Union

European Communities Environmental Objectives (Surface Waters) Regulations 272/2009

European Commission Technical Report (2014). Technical Report on Aquatic Effect-based Monitoring Tools under the Water Framework Directive, 2014-77, European Commission, European Union

FAO (2020). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020. Sustainability in action. Rome. https://doi.org/10.4060/ca9229en

UN Secretary-General (2012). Speech of Ban Ki-Moon, delivered on May 12, 2012 at the United Nations,

https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/sg/statement/2012-05-17/secretary-generals-remarks-high-level-thematic-debate-state-world, information accessed on 10 March 2021

Official Website of the University of Plovdiv Transdisciplinary Project “Vita Plus”: www.vitaplus.uni-plovdiv.bg

Downloads

Published

2021-04-15

How to Cite

Georgieva, E., Velcheva, I., Stoyanova, S., Yancheva, V., & Vladikov, A. (2021). ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR WATER RESOURCES AS WATER CAPITALS /THE CASE OF FISH TOXICOLOGY IN THE “VITA PLUS” PROJECT/. KNOWLEDGE - International Journal , 45(3), 549–554. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/kij/article/view/5274