PREVENTION OF CHILD HEALTH - INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF CHILDREN'S EYE HEALTH

Authors

  • Nadya Manolova Medical University of Sofia, Faculty of Public Health, Sofia
  • Stefka Georgieva Medical University of Sofia, Faculty of Public Health, Sofia

Keywords:

children's vision, prevention, awareness

Abstract

Introduction. Children are extremely sensitive to conditions that damage vision and the visual system. Early diagnosis of eye diseases and visual disturbances in children and adolescents is of particular importance for their physical and mental health, if left untreated, they lead to severe impairment and blindness.
Purpose. The aim of the present work is to study and analyze the awareness of parents about prevention and prophylaxis, the risks and factors affecting children's vision and, accordingly, the complications of untimely consultation.
Material and methods. The study covers 110 parents of children from 1 to 7 years of age in a kindergarten?164 Zornitsa, Sofia. Sociological and documentary research methods were used.
Results. The results show a lack of hereditary burden in 70% of children. A significant proportion of parents, about 55%, are not informed about the complications of untimely consultation and do not have enough information regarding the risk factors for children's vision, which is an indicator of insufficient prevention.
Discussion. Childhood blindness is most often untreatable at a later age. Screening studies of children's visual functions can detect a large number of diseases that threaten their vision in time and take the necessary treatment. In this regard, it is necessary to develop an integrative model with a main focus on high quality promotional, preventive and curative care and services.
Conclusion. Effective treatment of eye diseases depends on their timely detection and early prevention. At present, the protection of children's vision is mainly taken care of by general practitioners, pediatricians and parents.

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Published

2020-08-17

How to Cite

Manolova, N., & Georgieva, S. (2020). PREVENTION OF CHILD HEALTH - INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF CHILDREN’S EYE HEALTH. KNOWLEDGE - International Journal, 41(3), 607–610. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/kij/article/view/768