?HE PROCESS OF READING IN FIRST GRADERS
Keywords:aspects of reading, reading comprehension, main stages of reading as a process, literacy, reading literacy
The fast development of the world we are living in requires that each individual should acquire new knowledge and skills. The idea of lifelong learning is becoming the norm, which means that one should possess the necessary educational potential to use the acquired skills of reading and writing as a means of self-improvement.
To a large extent reading determines the quality of life in the long term, whereas the low level of reading skills may have a negative impact on a child’s overall development, limit their abilities and hinder their meaningful inclusion in modern society. The European Commission pays close attention to literacy as a condition for the acquisition of key competences and lifelong learning.
International research on adolescents’ literacy reveals deficit of their competences as regards the understanding, rationalization and interpretation of information. This requires that the focus of education should be fostering the development and improvement of students' skills to extract information from written sources – charts, maps, diagrams, text etc. It should also build up in them specific competences to discover, synthesize, analyze, summarize and interpret different types and complexity levels of information, which will lead to its rationalization and evaluation and result in formulating a likely answer.
It has been established that reading is a complex process, as it involves not only decoding what is written but also understanding the text. At the same time, it is a process in which the content of the read text and the opportunities to use the information contained in it are being perceived and evaluated. Reading literacy involves basic components such as motivation, operability and control/ self-control.
The report examines the process of reading as a factor for the personal development of first graders. It describes the main stages of reading as a process which involves not only the acquisition of reading but also reading for the sake of learning.
Reading has been defined as the ability to perceive, understand, evaluate and use written speech and knowledge in different situations. Reading means understanding a written text, as well as its use and application of the information it contains in the process of lifelong learning