• Merita Hysa University of Shkodra “Luigj Gurakuqi”, Albania
  • Rrezarta Draçini University of Shkodra “Luigj Gurakuqi”, Albania


syllable boundary, phonotactics, coda, consonant groups, nucleus


The purpose of this article is to study the syllable boundaries (codas) in the Albanian language

The end of a syllable boundary {coda} is seen as a possible component of the syllable showing some of the features associated with the way the units that build it are organized and is the strongest consonantal position.

The final syllable structures in Albanian are various which depend not only on the number of elements but also on the possibilities of their combination. What is to be noted is that, concerning the ability to emerge in the coda position, there are no restrictions on the consonants of the Albanian language, which can occupy all this position either as a single component or as a branched component. 

Possible combinations of Albanian final clusters are regulated by phonological constraints.

The last element of the syllable can consist of either a consonant only, which is the most often encountered pattern, or two consonants, ending in rarer formations of groups of three consonants, and thus giving us a variety of syllable boundaries in Albanian. All consonant segments can emerge as a single element at the end of the syllable making the end structures of the separated syllables in Albanian appear very rich.

In Albanian, several combinations of codes appear and consequently, the double groups at the end position of the rhymes are numerous. The most common combinations are  S + O and S + F, the less common ones are O + S and F + S combinations and the least common is the O - O and F - F groups.

In Albanian, there is also the presence of the three-element end groups, which are part of the clearly defined and phonetically inseparable end-syllable structures.

The binary features of the segments included in the double and triple sets of codes in Albanian are:


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How to Cite

Hysa, M., & Draçini, R. (2021). WORD-FINAL CLUSTERS IN ALBANIAN. KNOWLEDGE - International Journal, 49(6), 1241–1246. Retrieved from https://ikm.mk/ojs/index.php/kij/article/view/4497